Category Archives: Publications

Digitizing Enlightenment: a volume for our times

Published this month, Digitizing Enlightenment: Digital Humanities and the Transformation of Eighteenth-Century Studies is the latest volume in the renowned series Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment.[1. Digitizing Enlightenment: Digital Humanities and the Transformation of Eighteenth-Century Studies, ed. Simon Burrows and Glenn Roe (Liverpool University Press, 2020), with contributors Keith Michael Baker, Elizabeth Andrews Bond, Robert M. Bond, Simon Burrows, Catherine Nicole Coleman, Melanie Conroy, Charles Cooney, Nicholas Cronk, Dan Edelstein, Chloe Summers Edmondson, Richard Frautschci, Clovis Gladstone, Howard Hotson, Katherine McDonough, Angus Martin, Alicia C. Montoya, Robert Morrissey, Jeffrey S. Ravel, Glenn Roe, and Sean Takats.] Under the joint editorship of Professor Simon Burrows (Western Sydney University) and Professor Glenn Roe (Faculté des Lettres, Sorbonne Université), this publication offers insightful accounts of the origins of an array of Digital Humanities projects and situates each in the context of Enlightenment research conducted over the past decade, together with consideration of the myriad of ways in which digital approaches may be incorporated more broadly into humanities scholarship.

The volume stems from an inter-disciplinary initiative, also called ‘Digitizing Enlightenment’, that draws together leading international Enlightenment scholars on an annual basis to discuss projects, collaborations, and the use of digital methods. The first section of the book—’Digital projects, past and present’—contains accounts by members of this community of the unique histories and evolution of the projects they oversee, consideration of points of overlap, and discussion of the variety of the digital methods employed, while the second section—’Digital methods and innovations’—showcases the research of early career scholars who have forged academic paths in the wake of these pioneering initiatives and who are situated at this point in their careers at the fortuitous juncture between digital methods and traditional Enlightenment studies.

The projects discussed in depth include: The ARTFL Encyclopédie Project (University of Chicago); The Comédie-Française Registers Project (Bibliothèque-Musée de la Comédie-Française, Université Paris Nanterre, Université Paris-Sorbonne, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University, and University of Victoria); our own Cultures of Knowledge project (University of Oxford); Electronic Enlightenment (University of Oxford); The French Book Trade in Enlightenment Europe (Western Sydney University); Mapping the Republic of Letters (Stanford University); and MEDIATE: Measuring Enlightenment Disseminating Ideas, Authors and Texts in Europe (1665–1830) (Radboud Universiteit). Readers eager for correspondence-related material will find of particular interest the contributions by Catherine Nicole Coleman, Melanie Conroy and Chloe Summers Edmondson, Nicholas Cronk, Dan Edelstein, and Howard Hotson. With our ways and means of working in the virtual and with the digital evolving (often at remarkable speed in these virus-altered days), this volume is timely, setting out advice and experience from the past decade of Digital Humanities scholarship. As with the recent Göttingen University Press publication Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age: Standards, Systems, Scholarship, this volume offers a glimpse into what might be possible as we stride forward into collaborative, linked environments.[2. Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age: Standards, Systems, Scholarship  ed. Howard Hotson and Thomas Wallnig (Göttingen University Press, 2019). PDF version available online.]

Further details of the publication (together with the Preface, Table of Contents, and Introduction, alongside Visualizations, Maps, Figures, and Tables used in the volume) and an informative post by Simon Burrows and Genn Roe may be consulted online at Liverpool University Press.

Project update: new EMLO calendar and new CofK podcasts available

New calendar: Joseph Justus Scaliger

We are delighted to announce the publication of our newest calendar in EMLO, that of the 1,669 letters of Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540 – 1609). In 2012, the eight-volumed edition of The Correspondence of Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540–1609) published by the esteemed Librairie Droz, Geneva, under the direction of Max Engammare, was launched in style at the Divinity School of Oxford’s Bodleian Library at a reception hosted by Cultures of Knowledge. We are delighted now, through our continued collaboration with the Librairie Droz, to be able to make available within EMLO the metadata for this extensive correspondence.

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EMLO re-launch! New website, new catalogues, and old friends

It gives us huge pleasure to announce the re-launch of Early Modern Letters Online – EMLO – our union catalogue of sixteenth-, seventeenth-, and eighteenth- century letters, comprising of a complete aesthetic makeover for the website and the release of nine new collections focused on significant figures of the republic of letters.

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Kaspar Schotts Netzwerk: publication announcement and project profile.

Caspar Schott S.J. (1608-1666) is a remarkable representative of the passion for scientific knowledge that, in the first two thirds of the seventeenth century, possessed enough educated people across Europe as to create a new social entity – the Republic of Letters – the service of which became their primary loyalty. They did not know exactly where they were headed, nor did they particularly foresee the magnitude of their impact; what they did know with blazing conviction was that the long tradition of philosophical theorising without the support of quantitative experiment was bankrupt. As Schott’s mentor and hero Athanasius Kircher says: ‘All philosophy unless grounded in experiment is empty fallacious and useless…Experiment alone is the arbiter of disputed questions, the reconciler of difficulties and the one teacher of the truth’1. This common conviction bonded scholars of disparate religious and philosophical outlooks to the citizenship of a republic of learning.

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New Correspondence Project: John Collins and Mathematical Culture in Restoration England

We are excited to report that Dr Jackie Stedall and Dr Philip Beeley, the latter a former Research Fellow on Cultures of Knowledge (where he worked on the letters of mathematician John Wallis), have been awarded a major AHRC grant for a new early modern correspondence project on ‘Mathematical Culture in Restoration England: The Life and Letters of John Collins’.

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20,000 Dutch Letters Now Online: CKCC Launch the ePistolarium

Our great friends and colleagues at Circulation of Knowledge and Learned Practices in the Seventeenth-Century Dutch Republic (CKCC), based at Huygens ING, have just launched their virtual research environment for Dutch scientific correspondences, the wonderful ePistolarium. This major new resource contains metadata on and full texts of around 20,000 letters sent to and from nine seventeenth-century scholars (including René Descartes, Constantijn and Christiaan Huygens, and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek), and is equipped with faceted search, a neat visualization suite (results can be displayed on timelines, maps, and as both correspondent and co-citation network diagrams), as well as some bleeding edge techniques in corpus linguistics such as named entity recognition and topic modelling. Check it out!

The ePistolarium was launched in the magnificent Gertrudiskapel in Utrecht on 13 June 2013, and, alongside presentations from its creators (and a terrific video), our very own Howard Hotson was on hand to celebrate this new tool and to consider its relationship to Early Modern Letters Online as well as its significance to scholarship on correspondences more broadly (a video of his talk, entitled ‘The ePistolarium and the Digital Republic of Letters: The Circulation of Knowledge and Learned Practices in the Twenty-First Century’, is above). Indeed, these are exciting times for the Digital Republic of Letters in general and the relationship between our two initiatives in particular; we’re going to share metadata, are co-applicants with other interested parties on major funding proposals to COST and Digging into Data, and will be sharing the stage at several forthcoming events, most imminently (with Antony McKenna) at our panel on ‘Electrifying the Republic of Letters’ at Intellectual Networks in the Long Seventeenth Century at Durham next week. Congratulations to Charles, Guido, Walter, Wijnand, and the rest of the CKCC team!

Tangents and Taverns: John Wallis and The Case of the Vintners in Oxford, 1674

John Wallis (1616–1703) is best known to early modern intellectual historians and fans of Cultures of Knowledge as an archetypal Republic of Letters polymath; Oxford’s Savilian Professor of Geometry, a gifted cryptographer, and keeper of the University Archives who corresponded extensively with the leading continental luminaries of the age. The letters reproduced in Volume IV of The Correspondence of John Wallis (OUP), to which our Research Fellow Philip Beeley is putting the finishing touches, largely reinforce this impression. The missives find the mathematician embroiled in abstruse conversations with Francis Jessop, Christiaan Huygens, Rasmus Bartholin, and Leibniz about methods of tangents, the rectification of the cycloid, and the reinvigoration of scientific meetings at the Royal Society. However, I was intrigued when Philip told me that many of the letters in this volume reveal that in early 1674 Wallis was sucked into an epistolary controversy of an altogether more worldly kind: a bitter dispute over an Oxford tavern.

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Open-Sourcing EMLO-Edit: Code for our Editorial Interface Now Available on GitHub!


We are pleased to report that the complete code base of EMLO-Edit, the editorial interface for all of the metadata underlying Early Modern Letters Online, is now freely available for reuse on GitHub. Built from scratch by our Founding Developer Sue Burgess from Bodleian Digital Library Systems and Services (BDLSS), EMLO-Edit is a powerful, user-friendly editorial environment for describing, tagging, and managing letter records, including facilities for uploading images, dealing with people and places, merging duplicate records and metadata, user management, full version histories, and exports. The resulting data provides an ideal basis for front end applications in a variety of languages (we’ve used Python/Pylons but you could also develop, say, a Rails application). The code is ready for deployment, and includes full installation instructions for setting up a working version on your own servers; we will be adding a bit more documentation on how to customize the code for your own purposes, but in the meantime grab it while it’s hot, and let us know if you make use of it!

Celtic Connections: Roderick O’Flaherty’s Letters Published

Richard (third left) presents a copy of the edition to the Irish President (second left) at at a reception at Aras an Uachtarain earlier this week.

We are excited to announce the publication by the Royal Irish Academy of Roderick O’Flaherty’s Letters to William Molyneux, Edward Lhwyd, and Samuel Molyneux: 1696-1709, edited by Professor of Diplomatic at Oxford (and CofK Steering Committee member) Richard Sharpe. A copy of the edition was presented to Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland, earlier this week.

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